A Framework to Guide Science Educators’ Efforts in Confronting Misinformation

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Smetana, L., Gorman, J., Gorman, S., & Scales, D. (2024). A framework to guide science educators’ efforts in confronting misinformation. Innovations in Science Teacher Education, 9(1). Retrieved from https://innovations.theaste.org/a-framework-to-guide-science-educators-efforts-in-confronting-misinformation/
by Lara Smetana, Loyola University Chicago; Jack Gorman, Critica; Sara Gorman, Critica; & David Scales, Critica


This article synthesizes background research, presents a framework, and shares a frequently updated resource guide (see Science Educator Response to Misinformation: Framework and Resource Collection) for science educators’ multifaceted response to science and health misinformation. We developed this framework and guide as a tool to help science teachers and teacher educators think about the complexity of the issue of science and health misinformation, visualize the connected and interrelated avenues to confront the issue, and identify opportunities to take action in their courses.

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